Redux Saga

Redux-Saga is a middleware library used to allow a Redux store to asynchronously interact with resources outside of itself. Redux-Saga helps in: making HTTP requests. accessing browser storage.

First install Redux Saga:

npm install redux-saga

Then update your store to include thunk to your middleware like so:

import { compose, createStore, applyMiddleware } from "redux";
import { persistStore, persistReducer } from "redux-persist";
import storage from "redux-persist/lib/storage";
import logger from "redux-logger";
import createSagaMiddleware from 'redux-saga';

import { rootSaga } from "./root-saga";

import { rootReducer } from "./root-reducer";

const persistConfig = {
  key: "root",
  whitelist: ["cart"],

const sagaMiddleware = createSagaMiddleware();

const persistedReducer = persistReducer(persistConfig, rootReducer);

const middleWares = [
  process.env.NODE_ENV !== "production" && logger,

const composedEnhancer =
  (process.env.NODE_ENV !== "production" &&
    window &&

const composedEnhancers = composedEnhancer(applyMiddleware(...middleWares));

export const store = createStore(

export const persistor = persistStore(store);

Note on Sagas and Generator functions

Sagas are implemented as Generator functions that yield objects to the redux-saga middleware. The yielded objects are a kind of instruction to be interpreted by the middleware. When a Promise is yielded to the middleware, the middleware will suspend the Saga until the Promise completes.

Here is an example of how a generator function works:

Create a file called category.saga.js and add your actions and asynchronous function:

import { takeLatest, call, put, all } from "redux-saga/effects";

import { getCategoriesAndDocuments } from "../../utils/firebase/firebase.utils";

import CATEGORIES_ACTION_TYPES from "./categories.types";

import {
} from "./categories.action";

export function* fetchCategoriesAsync() {
  try {
    const categoriesArray = yield call(getCategoriesAndDocuments, "categories");
    yield put(fetchCategoriesSuccess(categoriesArray));
  } catch (error) {
    yield put(fetchCategoriesFailed(error));

export function* onFetchCategories() {
  yield takeLatest(

export function* categoriesSaga() {
  yield all([call(onFetchCategories)]);

Note: The function call is used to get back asynchronous code, while put replaces the dispatch function.

Create a root-saga.js file and add this code to it:

import {all, call} from 'redux-saga/effects';

import { categoriesSaga } from './categories/category.saga';

export function* rootSaga() {
    yield all([call(categoriesSaga)]);

Now you dispatch fetchCategoriesStart inside our component shop:

import { useEffect } from "react";
import { Routes, Route } from "react-router-dom";
import { useDispatch } from "react-redux";

import CategoriesPreview from "../categories-preview/categories-preview.component";
import Category from "../category/category.component";
import { fetchCategoriesStart } from "../../store/categories/categories.action";

const Shop = () => {
  const dispatch = useDispatch();

  useEffect(() => {
  }, []);
  return (
      <Route index element={<CategoriesPreview />}></Route>
      <Route path=":category" element={<Category />}></Route>

export default Shop;

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